How do you use commas in a sentence?
Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example ), it is known as the Oxford comma.
What are the 5 Rules of commas?
Five Comma Rules
- Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause.
- Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause.
- Use a comma to separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor or, so, yet)
- Use a comma to separate items in a series.
What are the 4 types of commas?
There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas. A listing comma can always be replaced by the word and or or: Vanessa seems to live on eggs, pasta and aubergines. Vanessa seems to live on eggs and pasta and aubergines.
How do I know if I need a comma?
- Commas don’t just signify pauses in a sentence — precise rules govern when to use this punctuation mark.
- Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses ( when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives.
- The Oxford comma reduces ambiguity in lists.
What are the 8 rules for commas?
Commas ( Eight Basic Uses)
- Use a comma to separate independent clauses.
- Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase.
- Use a comma between all items in a series.
- Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses.
- Use a comma to set off appositives.
- Use a comma to indicate direct address.
- Use commas to set off direct quotations.
Can a sentence have two commas?
You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. I think it’s crucial.
Does a comma go after according to?
1. Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. According to Wilbur, good friends who write well are not easy to find. Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause.
How many commas is too many?
If you feel you have too many commas, you do. Like, no one can say you should have twenty- seven commas per page or anything like that. The first question would be, Do you have commas in inappropriate places? If you have sentences like, “Bob walked, to, the store, slowly” then yes, there are too many commas.
Is there a limit to how many commas in a sentence?
1 Answer. There’s no set limit, but it has to make sense, and their use can affect the meaning.
Does a comma mean and?
Put a comma before the concluding conjunction in a series, however, if an integral element of the series requires a conjunction: I had orange juice, toast, and ham and egg for breakfast. In the Penguin Guide to Punctuation, R.L Trask likewise recommends omitting a comma before and.
Do complex sentences need commas?
Unnecessary Commas in Complex Sentences Generally, if the dependent clause comes second in a complex sentence, a comma is not used. In the last example, the dependent clause was used before the independent clause, so a comma was placed in this complex sentence.
Can simple sentences have commas?
Simple sentences A simple sentence contains only one independent clause and no dependent clauses. With a simple sentence, however, the general rule is to omit the comma. Rule: Do not use a comma before a coordinating conjunction if the sentence contains only one independent clause.
How can I check my grammar online?
Grammarly’s online grammar checker scans your text for all types of mistakes, from typos to sentence structure problems and beyond.
- Eliminate grammar errors.
- Fix tricky spelling errors.
- Say goodbye to punctuation errors.
- Enhance your writing.
Where do you put commas when checking?
- Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction that links two independent clauses.
- Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence.
- Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence.
- Use commas to separate items in a series.
- Use a comma after introductory adverbs.