When atoms unite by transferring electrons they should form?
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another, and the two atoms unite as a result of the opposite charges, an ionic bond is formed.
Which of these results from a sharing of outer shell electrons?
Chapter 2 – The Chemical Basis of Life
|chemical bond||An attraction between two atoms resulting from a sharing of outer – shell electrons or the presence of opposite charges on the atoms; the bonded atoms gain complete outer electron shells.|
When an electron is transferred from one atom to the next and the two atoms?
In ionic bonding, electrons are completely transferred from one atom to another. In the process of either losing or gaining negatively charged electrons, the reacting atoms form ions. The oppositely charged ions are attracted to each other by electrostatic forces, which are the basis of the ionic bond.
When electrons are unequally shared between two atoms we describe the bond as being?
In a polar covalent bond, the electrons are unequally shared by the atoms because they are more attracted to one nucleus than the other. The relative attraction of an atom to an electron is known as its electronegativity: atoms that are more attracted to an electron are considered to be more electronegative.
What are the 4 types of bonding?
There are four types of bonds or interactions: ionic, covalent, hydrogen bonds, and van der Waals interactions.
Which bonds are the strongest and weakest?
Of the 4 different types of chemical bonds, covalent bonds are known to be the strongest and the bonds formed via Van der Waals forces are known to be the weakest.
What is the result of unequal sharing of electrons?
The unequal sharing of electrons within a bond leads to the formation of an electric dipole (a separation of positive and negative electric charges). To determine the electron sharing between two atoms, a table of electronegativities can determine which atom will attract more electron density.
When two atoms share electrons in order to have a complete outer shell the bond is referred to as a?
Covalent bonding. Results when 2 atoms share electrons in order to have a completed outer shell. – ex. In a hydrogen atom, the outer shell is complete when it contains 2 electrons.
What results when two atoms share electrons?
A covalent bond results when two atoms share electrons. In the case of two hydrogen atoms, each shares its single electron with the other. This sharing allows each to fill its electron shell with two electrons. The pair of shared electrons constitutes a covalent single bond.
Are formed when electrons are transferred from one atom to another?
An ionic bond is a bond that forms when electrons are transferred from one atom to another. During ionic bonding, the atoms become oppositely charged ions. Ionic bonding usually occurs between atoms of metals and atoms of nonmetals.
What type of bond is formed when two atoms share electrons?
A covalent bond consists of the mutual sharing of one or more pairs of electrons between two atoms. These electrons are simultaneously attracted by the two atomic nuclei. A covalent bond forms when the difference between the electronegativities of two atoms is too small for an electron transfer to occur to form ions.
What is it called when an atom loses electrons?
They are held in the atom by the positive charge of the nucleus. An atom that gains or loses an electron becomes an ion. If it gains a negative electron, it becomes a negative ion. If it loses an electron it becomes a positive ion (see page 10 for more on ions).
What type of bond is formed when two atoms share electrons but the electrons are not being shared equally?
Covalent bonds where electrons are not shared equally between two atoms are called polar covalent bond. As shown above, the electrons in a covalent bond between two different atoms (H and Cl in this case) are not equally shared by the atoms. This is due to the electronegativity difference between the two atoms.
Which type of covalent bond is the strongest?
A sigma bond is the strongest type of covalent bond, in which the atomic orbitals directly overlap between the nuclei of two atoms.
How many electrons are shared in a double bond?
Two pairs or four electrons are shared in a double covalent bond.