Why was Illinois a controversial state?
Because of the perception that Illinois would likely become a free state and tip the balance of power, Illinois faced an uphill battle to accede to the Union as the 21st state. Congress had ruled that territories’ population must exceed 60,000 in order to apply for statehood.
Who founded Illinois?
The first Europeans to visit Illinois were the French explorers Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette in 1673, but the region was ceded to Britain after the French and Indian War. After the American Revolution, Illinois became a territory of the United States, and achieved statehood in 1818.
What is Illinois considered the birthplace of?
Illinois is known as the “Land of Lincoln” because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. Chicago gained prominence as a lake and canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward.
How did the US get Illinois?
Before Illinois became a State, it was known as the Illinois Territory. In early 1818, the General Assembly of the Illinois Territory sent a petition to the United States Congress asking to be admitted into the Union. Illinois was discovered in 1673, settled in 1720 and entered the Union on December 3, 1818.
What language is Illinois?
In 1923 the State of Illinois made “American” its official language (in 1969 the law was quietly amended to make English the official tongue). The state language was symbolic, like the state bird or flower.
How old is Illinois?
Admitted as the 21st member of the union on December 3, 1818, Illinois lies within both the so-called old industrial belt and the fertile agricultural heart of the country.
Is Illinois a French word?
Illinois isn’t the version of the name; rather, it is the French pronunciation of the original word. The word Illinois is derived from the Native American word “iliniwok” or “illiniwek,” which literally means “best people”; it was used to refer to the 10 to 12 tribes found around the river.
What is the oldest town in Illinois?
Illinois may have become a state in 1818. But one town started long before that in Illinois history. The first settlement in Illinois was Fort Crevecoeur in 1680, or modern-day Peoria.
How many presidents were born in Illinois?
Four US presidents claim Illinois as their home state: Lincoln, Grant, Reagan and Obama. Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky, but moved to Illinois as a child where he was raised.
What is the nickname for Illinois?
Is Illinois a rich state?
Illinois is the 11th- wealthiest of the 50 United States, with a per capita income of $23,104 according to the 2000 census.
What is the motto of Illinois?
Who lived in Illinois before it became a state?
Before the Europeans arrived in Illinois the land was inhabited by a number of Native American tribes including the Illini, a confederation of around 12 different tribes. Throughout the 1700s other tribes moved into the area including the Iroquois, the Chippewa, the Potawatomi, and the Miami.
Is Illinois considered a Prairie State?
Illinois has been known as the Prairie State since at least 1842, and it’s for obvious reasons. The northern portion of our state was once completely covered in this sort of environment, but now, it’s a rare sight.
What Native American tribes lived in Illinois?
The most prominent tribes in Illinois were the Illinois, Miami, Winnebago, Fox and Sacs (Sauk), Kickapoo, and Pottawatomie tribes.