Often asked: When do you use colons?

When would you use a colon examples?

Rule 4. A colon instead of a semicolon may be used between independent clauses when the second sentence explains, illustrates, paraphrases, or expands on the first sentence. Example: He got what he worked for: he really earned that promotion.

When should I use a colon or semicolon?

Colons (:) are used in sentences to show that something is following, like a quotation, example, or list. Semicolons (;) are used to join two independent clauses, or two complete thoughts that could stand alone as complete sentences.

How do you use a colon in a list?

Rule 1: Use the colon after a complete sentence to introduce a list of items when introductory words such as namely, for example, or that is do not apply or are not appropriate. Examples: You may be required to bring many items: sleeping bags, pans, and warm clothing.

When should you not use a colon?

Do not use a colon in a complete sentence after phrases such as “such as,” “including,” and “for example.” Because phrases like these already indicate to the reader that a list of examples will follow, there is no need to introduce them with a colon, which would merely be redundant.

What Does a colon do grammar?

The colon is used to separate two independent clauses when the second explains or illustrates the first. In such usage, the colon functions in much the same way as the semicolon. When two or more sentences follow a colon, capitalize the first word following the colon.

What are some examples of semicolons?

Examples of Semicolons: Joan likes eggs; Jennifer does not. The cat slept through the storm; the dog cowered under the bed. Semicolons are also used in a sentence when something stronger than a comma is needed.

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What is the proper way to use a semicolon?

Use a semicolon to join two related independent clauses in place of a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet). Make sure when you use the semicolon that the connection between the two independent clauses is clear without the coordinating conjunction.

What Does a colon look like in writing?

The colon: is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots placed one above the other on the same vertical line. A colon often precedes an explanation, a list, a quotation, or a block quotation.

Which sentence uses a semicolon correctly?

RULE: The main use of the semicolon is to join 2 separate but related sentences. Example: My dog is very brave; last night he barked at five raccoons! Here is how the rule works: To use a semicolon in this way, you need two complete sentences that could stand alone by themselves (i.e., two independent clauses).

Do I use a colon before a list?

Colons with Lists. Use a colon before a list when the list is preceded by a complete independent clause. Never use a colon to separate a preposition from its objects or a verb from its complements. Some form of the word follow usually indicates a colon before the list.

How do you use semicolons in a list?

Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas. There are basically two ways to write: with a pen or pencil, which is inexpensive and easily accessible; or by computer and printer, which is more expensive but quick and neat.

Can you use a colon and semicolon in the same sentence?

Colons and semicolons can be used in the same sentence, but they are each used for different purposes. In this example, the colon is used to introduce the cities.

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Can you use a colon after one word?

The colon can be used to emphasize a phrase or single word at the end of a sentence. Conclusion: This practice can be followed when that single word is at either end of the sentence. But there are lots of times when people aren’t writing formal text, and they feel it’s acceptable to use sentence fragments.

What can I use instead of a colon?

(3) The special conditions requiring a colon are absent. Here is a famous example: It was the best of times; it was the worst of times. A semicolon can always, in principle, be replaced either by a full stop (yielding two separate sentences) or by the word and (possibly preceded by a joining comma).

Should as follows be followed by a colon?

First of all, the right punctuation after “as follows ” is a colon. There’s no way around that. ” Follows ” or “following” is the indicator. You could potentially get away with a period at the end of a sentence like “The following diagram illustrates the flow of X through Y.” Even in this case, a colon is preferable.

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