Do commas go before and when listing?
Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.
Where do you put commas when listing things?
An Oxford Comma is a comma used before the last list item in a list of three or more items. When there are three or more list items, then those following “US convention” should use a comma (often called an Oxford Comma ) with the conjunction (usually “and” or “or”).
Why do we use commas in a list?
Commas are used to separate list items.
When listing three do you use a comma?
Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. Lists of three or more words, phrases, and clauses require commas between each item. For example: a. The fox shouts, cackles, and yells.
What are the 8 rules for commas?
Commas ( Eight Basic Uses)
- Use a comma to separate independent clauses.
- Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase.
- Use a comma between all items in a series.
- Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses.
- Use a comma to set off appositives.
- Use a comma to indicate direct address.
- Use commas to set off direct quotations.
When listing Do you use a comma or semicolon?
Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas. There are basically two ways to write: with a pen or pencil, which is inexpensive and easily accessible; or by computer and printer, which is more expensive but quick and neat.
How do you use multiple commas in a sentence?
You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. I think it’s crucial. Example: Growing up I had goats, chickens, turkeys, and geese.
Are Oxford commas optional?
The Oxford comma has been around for centuries, but is entirely optional: the rules of punctuation do not demand its use.
Do you need a comma after the last item in a list?
Do not place a comma after the last item in the list (see fourth example below) unless the structure of the sentence otherwise requires it (see third example below, in which the comma after audience is required to separate an introductory dependent clause from the main clause).
What does comma mean?
A comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a pause in a sentence or separates items in a list. A comma is also used before the words “and” or “but” to join two independent clauses.
What does comma splice mean?
A comma splice occurs when you use a comma to join two complete sentences without placing an appropriate joining word between them. The comma just isn’t strong enough to do the job of making one grammatical sentence out of two.
How many commas in a sentence is too many?
If you feel you have too many commas, you do. Like, no one can say you should have twenty- seven commas per page or anything like that. The first question would be, Do you have commas in inappropriate places? If you have sentences like, “Bob walked, to, the store, slowly” then yes, there are too many commas.
What are the 3 comma rules?
COMMA RULE # 3 – THE COMMA IN A COMPOUND SENTENCE: Use a comma before and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet to join two independent clauses that form a compound sentence. What is a compound sentence?
When listing adjectives do you use commas?
A comma should be used to separate two or more co-ordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Or to put it more simply, if you’re using two similar words to describe a thing, person, place, animal or idea you should use a comma to separate them. She worked in a happy, relaxed office.