What time of year do you prune plum trees?
When to prune plums. Avoid pruning plums in winter, as it increases the risk of infection by silver leaf disease to which plums and other Prunus species are prone. The best time for pruning is usually spring for young trees and mid-summer for established ones.
How do you prune an overgrown plum tree?
Method 2 of 2: Maintaining Older Plum Trees Prune dead and diseased branches. Prune branches that don’t bear fruit. Cut back the suckers. Cut branches that cross over other branches. Prune in the summer to discourage growth.
Can you prune plum trees in the fall?
Pruning your plum tree step-by-step. While winter pruning is recommended for many fruit trees, you will find that plum trees are best pruned in late summer/early fall. Apple trees are among the easiest, and most forgiving, trees to prune, but plums are just as easy.
When should you prune plum trees UK?
Plum trees differ from most other fruit trees because they should only be pruned when they are in full growth. In the UK, the best time to prune your plum tree is in mid June 2017, never in winter when they are dormant.
How much can you prune a plum tree?
Prune these branches to 10 inches (25 cm.), on an angle, immediately above a healthy bud. Prune three-year-old trees in a similar fashion by trimming the main stem to 18 inches (45.5 cm.) above a bud. Trim the three or four branches immediately below to 10 inches (25 cm.).
Can you top a plum tree?
If your plum is not unreasonably tall and is basically healthy, you can leave the tree at its existing height and prune it to clear away branches that don’t bear fruit. The first branches to remove are those that are dead, damaged, broken or infected.
How tall should a plum tree be?
The standard height is 15 to 20 feet while the semi-dwarf is 12 to 15 feet tall and the dwarf is 8 to 10 feet tall. They all develop a canopy width similar to their height. The species and dwarf cultivars have similar growth requirements as well as flowering and fruiting habits.
What month do you prune fruit trees?
1. Prune fruit trees when the leaves are off (dormant). It’s easier to see what you are doing and removal of dormant buds (growing points) invigorates the remaining buds. Summer pruning removes leaves (food manufacturer), slows fruit ripening, and exposes fruit to sunburn.
How long does a plum tree live?
The average lifespan for cultivated plum trees is 10 to 15 years, according to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center’s website.
How do I prune plum trees?
Use secateurs to cut back this season’s growth of the main shoots or ‘leaders’ to half their length. Prune to just above a leaf. Prune or pinch side shoots back to two or three buds from the base of the current season’s soft growth. How to prune a plum tree – pruning side shoots.
How do you look after a plum tree?
Grow plum trees in moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Prune in summer and mulch in autumn with home-made compost or well-rotted animal manure. Harvest the plums when ripe and juicy.
What time of year do plum trees produce fruit?
A plum tree will produce fruit between June and September, after blooming in late winter to early spring. A plum tree will produce fruit 3 to 6 years after planting, and dwarf varieties will produce fruit 2 to 5 years after planting.
How do you prune an overgrown fruit tree?
Instructions Remove Bad Branches. Start pruning by removing any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Remove Suckers. Plants are pruned to encourage more growth, but not all growth is welcome. Remove Low Branches. Remove Problem Branches. Shorten or Remove Competing Branches. Clear Out the Clutter. Inspect the Tree.
Why is plum tree not fruiting?
One of the most common causes of plum tree problems is the lack of a co-pollinator. Plums are not self-fruitful and need another of the same species nearby for pollen transfer. This is done with bees, moths and other pollinator’s help. Pruning at the wrong time removes the buds necessary for flower and then fruit.
How do you treat silver leaves on a plum tree?
The treatment for Silver Leaf is simple but brutal. All infected wood needs to be cut back to healthy wood – about 3cm / 1in further than marks in the wood. All prunings should be burnt to avoid re-infecting the tree and other nearby plants.