Often asked: What is typhoid fever?

What causes typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is a life-threatening illness caused by Salmonella Typhi bacteria. Paratyphoid fever is a life-threatening illness caused by Salmonella Paratyphi bacteria.

How does typhoid fever kill?

Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics which kill the Salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. Death occurred from overwhelming infection, pneumonia, intestinal bleeding, or intestinal perforation. With antibiotics and supportive care, mortality has been reduced to 1%-2%.

How long does typhoid stay in your body?

It depends on how many bacteria you have swallowed. It is usually between seven and fourteen days, but can be as short as three days, or as long as 30 days. Untreated, the illness usually lasts for three to four weeks, but may be longer in a small number of cases. Symptoms vary from mild to severe and life-threatening.

What is the best treatment for typhoid fever?

Antibiotic therapy is the only effective treatment for typhoid fever.

Commonly prescribed antibiotics include:

  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro).
  • Azithromycin (Zithromax).
  • Ceftriaxone.

Which organ of human body is mainly affected by typhoid?

The gastrointestinal tract is more severely affected including liver, spleen, and muscles. Through bloodstream, bacteria can also reach gallbladder, lungs, and kidneys.

How is typhoid confirmed?

A diagnosis of typhoid fever can usually be confirmed by analysing samples of blood, poo (stools) or pee (urine). These will be examined under a microscope for the Salmonella typhi bacteria that cause the condition. The bacteria aren’t always detected the first time, so you may need to have a series of tests.

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Can we kiss during typhoid?

Hugs and kisses don’t spread typhoid, and people shouldn’t avoid church because they’re worried about catching the disease.

Can typhoid fever spread by kissing?

You can get typhoid fever by eating food or drinking water that’s contaminated with feces. This often happens due to someone not washing their hands after going to the bathroom. You can also get typhoid fever through close contact with someone who has it.

Can we drink milk during typhoid?

Dairy products: Dairy products such as yogurt, milk, and eggs ensure adequate protein in the body, and so should be included in the typhoid recovery diet plan. These foods are easier to digest as compared to meat.

Which food is best in typhoid fever?

Food Dense In Carbohydrates

It is vital to have high carbohydrate foods that are light, soft and bland and easy to digest for patients down with typhoid fever. Include cereal porridge, boiled rice, poached eggs, and steamed foods like idly, idiyappam and apple sauces to boosts up your strength.

Can typhoid be cured completely?

Yes, typhoid is dangerous, but curable. Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that kill the Salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. Death occurred from overwhelming infection, pneumonia, intestinal bleeding, or intestinal perforation.

What should we not eat in typhoid?

Avoid raw, unpeeled fruits and vegetables that may have been washed with contaminated water, especially lettuce and fruits like berries that can’t be peeled. Bananas, avocados, and oranges make better choices, but be sure you peel them yourself. For safety’s sake, you may want your kids to avoid raw foods entirely.

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