Quick Answer: What causes a heart murmur?

What is the most common cause of a heart murmur?

Valvular heart disease is the most common cause of a heart murmur. Valve stenosis – a narrow, tight, stiff valve, limiting forward flow of blood. Valve regurgitation – a valve that does not close completely, allowing backward flow (a “leaky” valve).

How do they fix a heart murmur?

Surgeries for heart murmurs often include valve repair and valve replacement. These surgeries treat the underlying valve problems in your heart that are causing the murmur. If you do need surgery, your cardiothoracic surgeon will try to make sure your surgery is as minimally invasive as possible.

Can stress cause a heart murmur?

Although typically not listed as a cause, according to the Better Health Channel, emotional stress can increase blood flow and interfere with the force of your heartbeat. And this can potentially cause a physiologic heart murmur.

What causes the sound of a heart murmur?

A heart murmur is a blowing, whooshing, or rasping sound heard during a heartbeat. The sound is caused by turbulent (rough) blood flow through the heart valves or near the heart.

When should I be concerned about a heart murmur?

When to see a doctor

Most heart murmurs aren’t serious, but if you think you or your child has a heart murmur, make an appointment to see your family doctor. Your doctor can tell you if the heart murmur is innocent and doesn’t require any further treatment or if an underlying heart problem needs to be further examined.

Do heart murmurs make you tired?

People with an abnormal heart murmur may have symptoms of the problem causing the murmur. Symptoms can include: Feeling weak or tired. Shortness of breath, especially with exercise.

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Do heart murmurs require surgery?

Surgery. Surgery may be needed to correct a damaged or leaky valve that causes a heart murmur. Depending on your heart condition, your doctor may recommend one of several heart valve treatment options.

What do heart murmurs feel like?

A typical heart murmur sounds like a whooshing noise. According to the American Heart Association, it usually feels like a very subtle extra pulse. Heart murmurs are common, especially among young children. They are usually normal and are called innocent heart murmurs.

What causes a heart murmur later in life?

But some murmurs in adults are caused by a heart valve that’s not working properly. In older adults, the most common cause is a thickening of the aortic valve, known as aortic sclerosis. A more serious condition, aortic stenosis, occurs when the aortic valve is narrowed and can’t open completely.

Can you live long with a heart murmur?

If you or your child has an innocent heart murmur, you can live a completely normal life. It will not cause you any problems and is not a sign of an issue with your heart. If you have a murmur along with any of the following symptoms, see your doctor: You are very tired.

Can a heart murmur get worse?

If you have gone through treatment to replace or repair a heart valve, your murmur may change sound or go away completely. Likewise, murmurs can get worse if a condition goes untreated or becomes more serious. Your heart is unique, and some heart murmurs can change over time.

Do heart murmurs hurt?

Generally, a heart murmur does not cause symptoms. It is the underlying heart function issues that often cause people to seek medical help. Chest pain and shortness of breath should always be taken seriously and not ignored.

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Is it OK to exercise with a heart murmur?

If you do have a pathological heart murmur, your doctor will let you know if you need treatment (not all require treatment), and how the condition may or may not affect your day-to-day activities, including sports participation. “In most cases, people with murmurs have no symptoms,” says Dr. Singh.

What Is a Stage 2 heart murmur?

Grade II murmurs are soft, but your veterinarian can hear them with the help of a stethoscope. Grade III murmurs have a loudness that falls in the middle of grades II and IV. Most murmurs that cause serious problems are at least a grade III. Grade IV murmurs are loud and can be heard on either side of the chest.

What are the symptoms of a heart murmur in adults?

In general, when a heart murmur significantly interferes with the heart’s ability to pump blood, you can experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Light-headedness.
  • Episodes of rapid heartbeat.
  • Chest pain.
  • Decreased tolerance for physical exertion and, in later stages, symptoms of heart failure.

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